Ambi ::-                             A mango-shaped motif - the paisley pattern (lit. 'rich')

Amli ::-                              Needle work embroidery native to Kashmir

Angarkha ::-                       A long-sleeved, full-skirted tunic for men, generally open at the chest and tied in
                                         front with an inner flap

Ari ::-                                 Awl-like hooked needle, often used for chain stitch embroidery

Badam ::-                           A textile term for oval-shaped motifs

Badla ::-                             Flattened gold or silver wire

Badla Mukaish ::-                Knots of badla sewn onto cloth

Baluchar ::-                        A type of brocaded silk sari

Bandgala ::-                       Achkan and shervani (lit. 'closed neck')

Bandhini ::-                        The mode of tie-dyeing fabrics to form patterns (also known as bandhej)

Bandi ::-                            A short jacket or waistcoat

Batik ::-                             A paste or wax resist dyeing technique

Bel ::-                                A stylized creeper pattern

Buti ::-                               A smaller version of a buta the term is used also to denote stylized animal motifs
                                         printed in block repeats

Calico ::-                            A term used by early European traders

Chikankari ::-                     White embroidery, predominantly floral patterns, executed on fine white cotton
                                        with untwisted threads of white cotton or silk

Choli ::-                             A woman's blouse or bodice usually tight-fitting

Chunari ::-                         A tie-dyed dotted pattern, a veil

Chunnat ::-                        Pleated or crimped gota ribbon

Churidar paijama ::-           Style of tight-fitting paijama, rouched from the knee to the ankles
                                        (like. the paijama with bangles)

Dhoti ::-                            An unstitched garment used to drape the lower body, very much in use today

Dupatta ::-                        An unstitched length of material for the upper body traditionally worn by both
                                        sexes, but now mainly worn by women as part of a salwar kameez (paijama and tunic) ensemble

Ganga Jamuna ::-              The juxtaposition of silver and gold in a woven pattern, named after the confluence
                                        of dark and light waters of the two sacred rivers

Ghaghra ::-                        A gathered skirt usually very flared

Ghera ::-                           Circumference, fullness of a garment

Ghundi ::-                          A button made of silk or cotton, sometimes covered with gold or silver wire, held
                                        together with a loop

Gota ::-                             A metallic ribbon in which badla forms the weft and silk or cotton the wrap

Gota Moti ::-                      A beaded cord covered with gota, often used for finishing ghaghra and jama hems

Gota Patti ::-                     Small leaf shapes made of gota

Gote ::-                             The bottom part of a farshi paijama which is made up of three sections, often richly embellished

Ikkat ::-                            The name of the pattern created by the tie-dyeing the weft and wrap threads before
                                        weaving which is a specially of Gujarat Orissa and Andhra Pradesh

Izarband ::-                       The decorative drawstring at the waist of a lower garment, usually a ghaghra or a
                                        paijama with ornamented tasselled ends

Jaal ::-                              An all over pattern in a printed or embroidered fabric

Jala ::-                              A small wooden frame used by master craftsmen, on which threads are tied to form
                                        a grid of the wrap and weft outling the design of the weave

Jamakhana ::-                   The storehouse for garments in the Mughal and other royal courts

Jamavar ::-                       The trade name for the woven or embroidered Kashmir shawls

Jamdaani ::-                      A weaving technique traditional to the town of Tanda, Jais and Dacca used to
                                        produce figured muslins

Jhoomar ::-                       A jewelled hair ornament worn on the side of the head

Jhumka ::-                        A bell-shaped piece of jewellery

Kalamkari ::-                     Painted cloth (as a trade term it referred to both painted and printed cloths)

Kali ::-                              A gored panel

Kalioyndar Paijama ::-       A wide bottomed paijama made up of several panels

Kameez ::-                       A tunic

Kanchala ::-                     Kundal A type of earing

Kanchli ::-                        A sleeveless bodice worn in Western India

Kanni ::-                          A complex weaving technique originating in Kashmir (known in the West as the double
                                      twill-tapestry technique)

Khadi ::-                          Fabric made of handspun yarns, symbol of India's fight for Independent

Kurta ::-                          A loose, stitched garment worn by men and women, most commonly described as a tunic
                                      (also known as a kameez)

Kurti ::-                           A short kurta usually worn by women a type of grass fiber)

Lahariya ::-                     A pattern in which diagonal wavy stripes are formed by the fold-resist dyeing technique
                                      of the same name

Lehnga ::-                       A skirt

Libaas ::-                        An ensemble or dress

Mashru ::-                       A medium weight wrap faced satin or twill fabric with silk wrap and cotton weft

Minakari ::-                     Coloured enamel jewellery, borders or butis woven with different coloured silk to give
                                     the appearance of enamel

Mothra ::-                       A criss-cross pattern obtained through fold-resist dyeing in woven fabrics the term

Moti ::-                           A bead or pearl

Mulmul ::-                       Cotton, usually in reference to Indian muslin, particularly the muslin woven in Bengal

Odhini ::-                        A veil, usually 3m x 1m, worn by women with a ghaghra, kurti and kanchli, it covers the
                                     head and the right shoulder, is drawn across the body and either tucked into the
                                     waistband or left hanging in front

Pagri ::-                         The common term for a turban

Paijama ::-                     Drawstring trousers worn by men and women with many different styles

Paithani ::-                     Cotton and silk sari produced in Paithan

Pallav ::-                        The decorative border at one or both ends of a length of fabric usually of a sari, odhani or patka

Pashmina ::-                   The wool made from the fleece of the underbelly of the rare Tibetan wild mountain goat

Patti ::-                          A border or edging

Peshwaz ::-                    A long high-waisted gown

Phulkari ::-                      Folk embroidery typical of the Punjab

Poncha ::-                      The ankle opening of a paijama, usually the salwar, which is often quilted or
                                     ornamented with decorative stitching

Purdah ::-                       The practice of sequestering women, the flap of fabric in the angarkha that covers
                                     the chest, the pieces of fabric
                                     used to make up the cups of a choli

Sari ::-                           An unstitched length of fabric up to 9 yds in length and 18 to 60 in width with a
                                    decorated end panel draped in a wide variety of styles

Shatoosh ::-                   The fleece of the tibetan chiru antelope that is spun and woven into fine shawls

Salwar Paijama ::-          A baggy style of paijama tapered at the ankle worn mainly in the Punjab,
                                    Afghanistan and African garment

Shervani ::-                   A formal knee-length coat fitted to the waist

Sinjaf ::-                        The facing inside the hem of a garment

Sitara ::-                        Tiny metal discs, often of gold or silver with a tiny hole at the centre

Tanchoi ::-                      Figured silk with multiple supplementary weft threads, that create a heavy densly patterned fabric

Teej ::-                           A festival celebrating conjugal love, held in Northern and western India in The month of Shravan

Tikki ::-                          Metal discs used in zardozi embroidery

Tussar ::-                       A type of wild silk made in Eastern and Central India from hand spun yarns

Zardozi ::-                     Gold thread embroidery using metallic elements and threads, sometimes mirrors, precious
                                    or semi precious stones

Zari ::-                          Metal wrapped yarn used for zardozi embroidery